Rethinking Conservative Treatment of Humeral Diaphyseal Fractures in Elderly Patients With Dementia

Gilad Eisenberg*, Hila Otremski, Elad Segev, Hagai Sherman, Ely L. Steinberg, Daniel Tordjman, Tamir Pritsch, Yishai Rosenblatt, Franck Atlan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives:To assess outcomes and complications of conservatively managed humeral diaphyseal fractures in elderly patients, with an emphasis on the subgroup diagnosed with dementia.Design:Retrospective.Setting:Upper extremity surgery unit at an academic Level I trauma center.Patients/Participants:Consecutive patients 65 years of age and older who were managed conservatively for humeral diaphyseal fractures between 2007 and 2015.Intervention:Conservatively managed humeral diaphyseal fractures.Main Outcome Measurements:Complications and radiographic outcomes.Results:One-hundred twenty-four patients who were conservatively managed for humeral diaphyseal fractures were identified. Their mean age was 77 (65-92) years, 36 (30%) of them were male and 88 (70%) were female. Fifty-seven (46%) patients experienced complications associated with their treatment, and 33 (27%) patients were eventually treated surgically. Seventeen (14%) patients were diagnosed with dementia. This subgroup had 64% fracture-related complications, and all of them were operated (P-value <0.01 compared with age-matched patients among the other 107 participants in the study).Conclusion:Conservative management of humeral diaphyseal fractures seems to be associated with greater morbidity in elderly patients, especially in those diagnosed with dementia. Therefore, early surgical treatment should be considered.Level of Evidence:Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-638
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • complications
  • dementia
  • diaphysis
  • elderly
  • humerus
  • shaft

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