Results of combined phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in pseudoexfoliation versus non-pseudoexfoliation glaucoma

Gennady Landa, Ayala Pollack, Rony Rachmiel, Amir Bukelman, Arie Marcovich, Miriam Zalish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the rate of intraoperative and postoperative complications and the outcome of combined phacoemulsification (phaco) with posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) and trabeculectomy in patients with pseudoexfoliation (PXF) versus non-pseudoexfoliation (non-PXF) glaucoma. Methods: One hundred and four eyes of 88 patients with combined phaco, PC IOL and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) were included in the study. MMC 0.02% was applied for 1 min in all cases. Main outcome measures were rate of intraoperative and postoperative complications, intraocular pressure (IOP) and visual acuity (VA). Success rates were determined via Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Surgical success for both groups was defined as IOP being less than 21 mmHg with no treatment or less than 16 with one topical pressure-reducing agent allowed. Results: The PXF group included 55 (52.9%) eyes and the non-PXF group 49 (47.1%) eyes. Transition to extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) occurred in 12.7% of the PXF group, and in 6.1% of the non-PXF group (P=0.16). The occurrence of vitreous loss did not differ significantly between the groups. Patients of both groups had a significant IOP reduction after surgery (P=0.0001). At the end of postoperative follow-up, the success rate approached 83.6% in the PXF group and 83.7% in the non-PXF group. The most common postoperative complications were hyphema (14.5%) in the PXF group and fibrin (14.3%) in the non-PXF group. Conclusions: Although transition to ECCE was more frequent in the PXF than in the non-PXF group, there was no significant difference in the rate of complications between PXF and non-PXF eyes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1236-1240
Number of pages5
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume243
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Combined phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy
  • Mitomycin C
  • Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma

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