Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) variants A and B differ in cell tropism, reactivity with monoclonal antibodies, restriction endonuclease profiles, and epidemiology. Nonetheless, comparative nucleotide and amino acid sequences from several genes indicate that the viruses are very highly conserved genetically. The B variant is the major etiologic agent of exanthem subitum and is frequently isolated from children with febrile illness; no disease has been etiologically associated with HHV-6A. One HHV-6A strain has been cloned and sequenced, but similar information and reagents are not available for HHV-6B. We report here the determination of maps of the restriction endonuclease cleavage sites for BamHI, ClaI, HindIII, KpnI, and SalI, and the cloning in plasmids and bacterio-phages of fragments representing over 95% of the HHV-6B strain Z29 [HHV-6B(Z29)] genome. Hybridization experiments and orientation of several blocks of nucleotide sequence information onto the genomic map indicate that HHV-6A and HHV-6B genomes are colinear.