Respiratory distress: An unrecognized non-motor phenomenon in patients with parkinsonism

Shlomit Yust-Katz*, David Shitrit, Eldad Melamed, Ruth Djaldetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although respiratory abnormalities are associated with parkinsonism, patients rarely complain of dyspnea. This study describes ten patients with parkinsonism and symptoms of dyspnea and respiratory distress that were unexplained by a pulmonary or cardiac abnormality or a psychological problem. Suggested underlying mechanisms are a central pathology affecting respiratory rhythm generation at the brainstem or lack of coordination of the respiratory muscles causing involuntary movements of the diaphragm. Dyspnea and respiratory distress should be included among the non-motor symptoms of parkinsonism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-76
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Dyspnea
  • Parkinson disease
  • Parkinsonism
  • Pulmonary function tests


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