Resolution enhancement in the magnetic bottle photoelectron spectrometer by impulse electron deceleration

Rina Giniger, Thomas Hippler, Shai Ronen, Ori Cheshnovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a modified time of flight magnetic bottle photoelectron spectrometer (MBPES), designed to operate with mass-selected ion beams. It is based on a configuration in which the ion beam is coaxial with the electron flight tube. High resolution combined with high efficiency is achieved by applying impulse deceleration at the electron detachment zone immediately after detachment. The main effect of the impulse is to improve the resolution of the spectrometer by subtracting the ion velocity from the electron velocity. The impulse can also counteract the spread in the flight times caused by the alignment of the electrons in the magnetic bottle. Unlike previous designs of the MBPES, ultimate resolution is achieved without any loss in signal intensity. Resolutions of 8, 25, and 48 meV were obtained for 0.28, 1.22, and 2.11 eV electrons, respectively, with 60% collection efficiency. This design also allows easy switching between high-resolution high-yield and polarization-sensitive photoelectron spectroscopy modes. Our simulations indicate that, with careful attention to details, sub-meV resolution can be obtained using this approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2543-2549
Number of pages7
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2001


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