Resistance to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. Association with heterogeneous defects in cultured skin fibroblasts

U. A. Liberman, C. Eil, S. J. Marx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We evaluated the interaction of [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 with skin fibroblasts cultured from normal subjects or from affected members of six kindreds with rickets and resistance to 1-alpha,1,25(OH)2D [1,25(OH)2D]. We analyzed two aspects of the radioligand interaction; nuclear uptake with dispersed, intact cells at 37°C and binding at 0°C with soluble extract ('cytosol') prepared from cells disrupted in buffer containing 300 mM KCl and 10 mM sodium molybdate. With normal fibroblasts the affinity and capacity of nuclear uptake of [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 were 0.5 nM and 10,300 sites per cell, respectively; for binding with cytosol these were 0.13 nM and 8,900 sites per cell, respectively. The following four patterns of interaction with [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 were observed with cells cultured from affected patients: (a) two kindreds; cytosol binding and whole-cell nuclear uptake both unmeasurable; (b) one kindred, decreased capacity and normal affinity both for binding in cytosol and for nuclear uptake in whole cells; (c) two kindreds, normal or nearly normal capacity and affinity of binding in cytosol but unmeasurable whole-cell nuclear uptake; and (d) one kindred, normal capacity and affinity of both cytosol binding and whole-cell nuclear uptake. In all cases where the radioligand bound with high affinity in nucleus or cytosol, the nucleus- or cytosol-associated radioligand exhibited normal sedimentation velocity on sucrose density gradients. When two kindreds exhibited similar patterns (i.e. pattern a or c) with the analyses of cultured fibroblasts, clinical features in affected members suggested that the underlying genetic defects were not identical. In conclusion: (a) Fibroblasts cultured from human skin manifest nuclear uptake and cytosol binding of [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 that is an expression of the genes determining these processes in target tissues. (b) Based upon data from clinical evaluations and from analyses of cultured fibroblasts, severe resistance to 1,25(OH)2D resulted from five or six distinct genetic mutations in six kindreds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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