Resistance or sensitivity of Wilms tumor to anti-FZD7 antibody highlights the Wnt pathway as a possible therapeutic target

N. Pode-Shakked, O. Harari-Steinberg, Y. Haberman-Ziv, E. Rom-Gross, S. Bahar, D. Omer, S. Metsuyanim, E. Buzhor, J. Jacob-Hirsch, R. S. Goldstein, M. Mark-Danieli, B. Dekel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wilms tumor (WT), the most frequent renal solid tumor in children, has been linked to aberrant Wnt signaling. Herein, we demonstrate that different WTs can be grouped according to either sensitivity or resistance to an antibody (Ab) specific to frizzled7 (FZD7), a Wnt receptor. In the FZD7-sensitive WT phenotype, the Ab induced cell death of the FZD7 fraction, which in turn depleted primary WT cultures of their clonogenic and sphere-forming cells and decreased in vivo proliferation and survival on xenografting to the chick chorio-allantoic-membrane. In contrast, FZD7-resistant WT in which no cell death was induced showed a different intra-cellular route of the Ab-FZD7 complex compared with sensitive tumors and accumulation of Β-catenin. This coincided with a low sFRP1 and DKK1 (Wnt inhibitors) expression pattern, restored epigenetically with de-methylating agents, and lack of Β-catenin or WTX mutations. The addition of exogenous DKK1 and sFRP1 to the tumor cells enabled the sensitization of FZD7-resistant WT to the FZD7 Ab. Finally, although extremely difficult to achieve because of dynamic cellular localization of FZD7, sorting of FZD7 cells from resistant WT, showed them to be highly clonogenic/proliferative, overexpressing WT stemness genes, emphasizing the importance of targeting this fraction. FZD7 Ab therapy alone or in combination with Wnt pathway antagonists may have a significant role in the treatment of WT via targeting of a tumor progenitor population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1680
Number of pages17
JournalOncogene
Volume30
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Wilms' tumor
  • frizzled7
  • resistant
  • sensitive
  • stem cells
  • wnt pathway

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