Resetting with stochastic return through linear confining potential

Deepak Gupta, Arnab Pal, Anupam Kundu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider motion of an overdamped Brownian particle subject to stochastic resetting in one dimension. In contrast to the usual setting where the particle is instantaneously reset to a preferred location (say, the origin), here we consider a finite time resetting process facilitated by an external linear potential V(x) = λ|x|(λ > 0). When resetting occurs, the trap is switched on and the particle experiences a force -∂ x V(x) which helps the particle to return to the resetting location. The trap is switched off as soon as the particle makes a first passage to the origin. Subsequently, the particle resumes its free diffusion motion and the process keeps repeating. In this set-up, the system attains a non-equilibrium steady state. We study the relaxation to this steady state by analytically computing the position distribution of the particle at all time and then analyzing this distribution using the spectral properties of the corresponding Fokker-Planck operator. As seen for the instantaneous resetting problem, we observe a 'cone spreading' relaxation with travelling fronts such that there is an inner core region around the resetting point that reaches the steady state, while the region outside the core still grows ballistically with time. In addition to the unusual relaxation phenomena, we compute the large deviation functions (LDFs) associated to the corresponding probability density and find that the LDFs describe a dynamical transition similar to what is seen previously in case of instantaneous resetting. Notably, our method, based on spectral properties, complements the existing renewal formalism and reveals the intricate mathematical structure responsible for such relaxation phenomena. We verify our analytical results against extensive numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043202
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • Brownian motion
  • diffusion
  • driven diffusive systems


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