P1 lytic growth was examined in a number of different temperature sensitive mutants of E. coli that affect chromosomal replication. Growth was analyzed by measurements of phage burst sizes and specific DNA synthesis. Efficient P1 growth required each of the bacterial elongation functions dnaE (polC), dnaZ (sub units of E.coli polymerase III holoenzyme), and dnaG (primase) but was not dependent on the elongation function dnaB (mobile promoter). Of two initiation functions tested the dnaA function was found to be dispensable for normal growth whereas the dnaC function was essential. Temperature shift experiments with different dnaC mutants showed that the initiation component of the dnaC function was needed continuously throughout at least the first half of the lytic cycle, while the dnaC elongation activity was probably required during the entire cycle for normal phage yields. In two respects the dependence of P1 lytic growth on E. coli DNA synthesis functions was significantly different from that reported for PI plasmid replication (Scott and Vapnek, 1980). Thus, lytic replication was far more dependent on a functional polC gene product than was plasmid replication and did not require the bacterial dnaB product.