Repetitive DNA elements characteristic of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica strains can also be detected after polymerase chain reaction in a cloned nonpathogenic strain

D. Mirelman, R. Bracha, S. Rozenblatt, L. I. Garfinkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Strains of Entamoeba histolytica which were isolated from symptomatic patients and which possess a characteristic pathogenic isoenzyme pattern (zymodeme) have extrachromosomal circular DNA molecules containing RNA genes and clusters of tandemly reiterated PvuI elements. The nucleotide sequence of comparable reiterated BamHI elements present in amebae with nonpathogenic zymodemes differs from that found in pathogenic ones. By using the polymerase chain reaction, it was demonstrated that the cloned, nonpathogenic E. histolytica strain SAW 1734R clAR also contains one or few of the tandemly repeated DNA PvuI elements characteristic of the pathogenic amebae. Sequences were detected by hybridization with the P-145 probe after in vitro amplification. Because of technical difficulties, it was impossible to resolve whether single copies of the nonpathogenic BamHI repetitive elements are present in pathogenic amebae. Our findings suggest that in the nonpathogenic amebae, the signal to start amplifying the PvuI-type elements may be induced during the process of elimination of bacterial associates from their growth environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1660-1663
Number of pages4
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume58
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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