Repeated low-dose of erythropoietin is associated with improved left ventricular function in rat acute myocardial infarction model

Itsik Ben-Dor, Britta Hardy, Shmuel Fuchs, Ella Kaganovsky, Ehud Kadmon, Alex Sagie, Raymond Coleman, Mali Mansur, Boaz Politi, Abigail Fraser, Daniela Harell, Elimelech Okon, Alexander Battler*, Moti Haim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the potential protective affects of Epo on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Epo was injected into the peritoneum of male Wistar rats (250 g) during 6 weeks post induction of MI. Rats were divided into five groups: MI treated with single high dose (MT1, 5,000 U/kg, n=10), single high dose (5,000 U/kg) and repeated high doses (MTHi, 1,000 U/kg twice a week; n=8), or single high dose (5,000 U/kg) and repeated low doses (MTLo, 750 U/kg once a week, n=10), MI non-treated (MNT, n=10), sham (S, n=5). Echocardiography was performed 3.6±1.5 days and 43.7±2.3 days post MI. Collagen deposition and infarct size were measured on histological sections using computerized image analysis. Apoptosis was assessed by ApopTag staining. Results: Baseline fractional shortening (FS) was similar between groups. Six weeks after MI the FS of MTLo (26.9%) was significantly higher compared to MNT (17.8%), MT1 (19.5%) and MTH (22.3%) (p=0.01). However, remodeling indices (end diastolic and end systolic areas, LV circumference) did not improve in the Epo groups, and even worsened in the MTHi group. There was significantly less collagen staining in non-infarct areas in MT1 and MTHi groups compared to MNT and MTLo (0.38±0.3%, 0.49±0.34%, vs 0.89±0.41%, 0.95±0.33%, respectively, p<0.001). The number of ApopTag positive nucleus was significantly higher in the MNT group compared to the MT1, MTHi, MTLo groups (14.4±8, 7.6±4, 5.8±7, 4.8±5, respectively, p=0.01 for trend). Conclusion: Repeated low doses of Epo after MI improved LV function, but the role of Epo on remodeling is not clear. It did not reduce left ventricular indices, but reduces fibrosis and apoptosis. High Epo doses reduced LV function and aggravated remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Tel Aviv University


    • Acute myocardial infarction
    • Erythropoetin
    • Left ventricular function
    • Left ventricular remodeling


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