The sequential cytological events of the regeneration process, after partial excision of the gastrocnemius muscle in the rat, were followed by light and electron microscopy. During the first 2 days after injury leukocytes and macrophages infiltrate into the traumatized area. Myogenic regeneration is then characterized by mainly two repair mechanisms. Mononucleated cells, that populate the excised area, most probably fuse together to give rise to newly formed multinucleated myotubes that further develop to striated myofibers. Another mechanism involves the repair of injured muscle fibers by the possible fusion of mononucleated cells with their necrotic cut ends. Consequently, by addition of nuclei and new muscular material, sarcoplasmic outgrowths from the injured fibers are formed. It is concluded that mainly two repair mechanisms are involved in the regeneration process following partial excision of a muscle: addition of new muscle fibers in a process similar to that of embryonic myogenesis and also meristic growth from the injured fibers.