Reoperative total arch replacement after previous cardiovascular surgery: Outcomes in 426 consecutive patients

Eilon Ram*, Christopher Lau, Arnaldo Dimagli, Ngoc Quynh Chu, Giovanni Soletti, Mario Gaudino, Leonard N. Girardi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Total aortic arch replacement (TAR) after previous cardiovascular surgery is technically challenging and is becoming more frequent as outcomes for primary arch repair have improved. primary. We analyzed outcomes of reoperative compared with first-time TAR. Methods: The institutional aortic database was queried to identify consecutive patients undergoing TAR between 1997 and 2022. In total, 426 patients underwent TAR, of whom 150 (35%) had previous cardiovascular surgery (reop TAR) and 276 (65%) underwent their first cardiovascular operation. Results: The reop TAR group was younger (61 ± 13 vs 71 ± 11, P <.001) with more comorbidities such as ischemic heart disease (12% vs 4.3%, P =.006), previous stroke (36% vs 14.5%, P <.001), and renal impairment (24% vs 12.7%, P =.004). Reop TAR had longer cardiac ischemic times (119.3 ± 45.5 minutes vs 98 ± 31.9 minutes, P <.001), a greater operative mortality (3.3% vs 0.4%, P =.040), and incurred a 4-fold increased risk of major adverse event (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41-11.49, P =.009). Ten-year survival was also lower in the reop TAR cohort (76% vs 82.2%; hazard ratio, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.12-2.86, P =.015) and there was greater need for late reinterventions, mainly on the downstream aorta (hazard ratio, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.03-1.62, P =.024). Conclusions: Reop TAR is a technically challenging operation and is associated with increased operative mortality and adverse events. Gratifying results can be obtained with meticulous surgical planning and focused attention on end-organ protection. Late reinterventions occur in a significantly greater percentage of patients undergoing reop TAR, and future studies should focus attention on identifying those at-risk groups who may benefit from a more aggressive index procedure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • aortic aneurysm
  • aortic arch replacement
  • aortic dissection
  • cerebral protection
  • reoperation

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