Renal artery occlusion during nephron-sparing surgery: Retrospective review of 301 cases

Mordechai Duvdevani, Yoram Mor, Alexander Kastin, Menachem Laufer, Andrei Nadu, Jacob Golomb, Dorit Zilberman, Ofer Nativ, Jacob Ramon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Temporary occlusion of the renal artery during nephron-sparing surgery may facilitate complete tumor resection and reduce operative bleeding. However, it may also entail a greater risk of ischemic kidney damage. In contrast, when vascular occlusion is not applied, the risk of bleeding, as well as the risk of positive margins, may be increased. To study these issues, we retrospectively evaluated our results with nephron-sparing surgery for kidney masses using renal artery occlusion compared with patients in whom vascular occlusion was not applied. Methods: From 1988 to 2003, 301 consecutive patients underwent nephron-sparing surgery for a kidney mass at our institutions. At the surgeons' discretion, the renal artery was temporarily occluded in 181 patients (60%) and was not in 120 (40%). Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding blood loss, transfusion rates, and overall complication rates. The loss of the renal unit because of ischemia was noted in 2 patients (1.2%) after renal artery occlusion and in none of the nonoccluded group. Positive tumor margins were found in 5 patients (4.2%) in the nonoccluded group and in 1 patient (0.6%) in the vascular occlusion group. Conclusions: Our results suggest that although vascular occlusion during nephron-sparing surgery may increase the risk of permanent kidney damage, patients with no vascular occlusion may have a greater risk of positive tumor margins after surgery. These two factors should be taken into consideration and could be discussed with the patient when attaining informed consent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960-963
Number of pages4
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Renal artery occlusion during nephron-sparing surgery: Retrospective review of 301 cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this