Removal of methylene blue from aging water solutions treated by a submerged arc

Naum Parkansky, Violetta Yakubov, Evelina Faktorovich Simon, Boris A. Alterkop, Raymond L. Boxman, Olga Berkh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Low voltage, low energy submerged pulsed arcs with a pulse repetition rate of 100 Hz, energies of 2.6-192 mJ and durations of 10-40 μs, followed by aging in the dark, were used to decompose 10 mg/l methylene blue (MB) dissolved in 40 ml of water, with the addition of 0.5 % H2O2. Electrode pairs composed of Fe/Fe, Ti/Ti, Cu/Cu, Cu/Fe, Fe/Cu, Ti/Fe, Fe/Ti, Cu/Ti and Ti/Cu were used. MB degraded during arc treatment, and during post arc treatment aging. The aging degraded MB faster (by a factor of ~2-3) when the MB solution was subjected to arcing with dissimilar electrodes when one of them was Cu, than for arcing with other used electrode pairs. The impact of the arc treatment time and the electrode materials on the MB removal ratio (C 0-Cta)/C0 was determined as a function of aging time ta, where C0 and Cta are the MB concentrations initially and after ta. For a pulse duration of 10 μs and pulse energies of 2-20 mJ, the MB removal rate increased linearly with treatment time and its growth rate increased with pulse energy. The linear dependence of the MB removal rate on treatment time was violated with pulse duration of 40 μs and pulse energies of 30-200 mJ. Kinetics of the MB degradation during aging of the arc treated solution was well described by the 1st order linear rate equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-754
Number of pages10
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Aging time
  • Methylene blue removal
  • Submerged arc

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