Removal of Emerging Wastewater Organic Contaminants by Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Nanofiltration Membranes with Tailored Selectivity.

Yunkun Wang, Ines Zucker, Chanhee Boo, Menachem. Elimelech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emerging org. contaminants (EOCs) discharged from wastewater effluents into drinking water resources are of growing concern for human health and the environment. In this study, we demonstrate the fabrication and application of polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) nanofiltration (NF) membranes with tailored selectivity for effective removal of EOCs from saline wastewaters. The PEM NF membranes were prepd. via layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of a cationic polymer, i.e., poly(diallyl dimethylammonium chloride), and anionic polymer, i.e., poly(sodium styrenesulfonate). Extensive surface characterization verifies that the fabricated PEM membranes have different pore sizes and surface charge properties depending on the LbL deposition cycle. We evaluated the performance of the PEM NF membranes for the rejection of different salts as well as the retention of representative EOCs, including perfluoroalkyl substances (perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid) and antibiotics (amoxicillin trihydrate and tetracycline hydrochloride). Importantly, the PEM NF membrane coated with four bilayers showed as high as 90% EOC retention, comparable to the widely used com. NF270 membrane, while allowing high passage of salt, including scale-forming divalent cations (
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)Ahead of Print
JournalACS ES&T Engineering
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofiltration membrane wastewater

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