Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface Using GPS Signals

G. V. Golubkov*, M. I. Manzhelii, A. A. Berlin, N. N. Bezuglov, A. N. Klyucharev, O. P. Borchevkina, S. O. Adamson, Yu A. Dyakov, I. V. Karpov, I. I. Morozov, L. V. Eppelbaum, M. G. Golubkov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract: The measurements of Montenbrook et al. to determine the water surface level of the Walchensee alpine lake in Bavaria (Germany) are a vivid example of the manifestation of the peculiarities of the relationship between the GPS satellite system as a source and remote sensing of the Earth’s surface. The experiments were conducted in 2007 in the framework the GORS (GPS Occultation, Reflectometry and Scatterometry) program. The authors described the observed features in detail but did not provide their physical justification. In this study, it is shown that the observed effects are caused by the resonant interaction of electromagnetic waves with a medium containing Rydberg molecular complexes. They are the main reason for the delay of satellite constellation signals at altitudes of 60 to 110 km.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-365
Number of pages4
JournalRussian Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2021


FundersFunder number
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationАААА-А19-119010990034-5


    • D- and E-layers of the ionosphere
    • GPS signal
    • Rydberg complexes
    • remote sensing
    • resonant quantum properties of the medium


    Dive into the research topics of 'Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface Using GPS Signals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this