Remote monitoring of cardiac implantable electronic devices and disease management

Niraj Varma*, Frieder Braunschweig, Haran Burri, Gerhard Hindricks, Dominik Linz, Yoav Michowitz, Renato Pietro Ricci, Jens Cosedis Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This reviews the transition of remote monitoring of patients with cardiac electronic implantable devices from curiosity to standard of care. This has been delivered by technology evolution from patient-activated remote interrogations at appointed intervals to continuous monitoring that automatically flags clinically actionable information to the clinic for review. This model has facilitated follow-up and received professional society recommendations. Additionally, continuous monitoring has provided a new level of granularity of diagnostic data enabling extension of patient management from device to disease management. This ushers in an era of digital medicine with wider applications in cardiovascular medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereuad233
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Defibrillators
  • Follow-up
  • Guidelines
  • Patient monitoring
  • Remote monitoring


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