Relevant dilaton stabilization

Csaba Csáki, Michael Geller, Zamir Heller-Algazi*, Ameen Ismail

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose a simple modification of the Goldberger-Wise mechanism for stabilizing the scale of spontaneously broken conformal theories. The source of explicit conformal symmetry breaking is a relevant operator with a small coefficient, as opposed to the usual mechanism of an almost marginal operator with an order-one coefficient. In the warped 5D picture this relevant stabilization corresponds to a small tadpole for the bulk scalar on the UV brane, which can be technically natural if it is the only source for the breaking of a symmetry (for example, a discrete Z 2). This modification of the stabilization mechanism has significant consequences for the nature of the conformal phase transition, since the radion/dilaton potential is no longer shallow. The bounce action is significantly reduced, leading to a weaker first-order phase transition instead of the supercooled and strongly first-order transition seen in Goldberger-Wise stabilization. This also leads to reduction of gravitational wave signals which, however, may still be observable at future detectors. We present numerical and analytical studies of the phase transition and the resulting gravitational wave signal strength, assuming that the effective dilaton potential provides a good leading approximation. While the dilaton is not expected to be generically light in this setup, in order to keep perturbative control over the effective theory one needs to mildly tune the dilaton quartic to be somewhat small.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2023
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
NSF-BSF2021779
US-Israeli BSF2016153
National Science FoundationPHY-2014071
National Science Foundation
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada557763
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
Israel Science Foundation1302/19, 2018236
Israel Science Foundation

    Keywords

    • Compositeness
    • Extra Dimensions
    • Phase Transitions in the Early Universe

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