Relativistic classical and quantum mechanics

Lawrence P. Horwitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


To develop the foundations of a manifestly covariant mechanics, we must first examine the Einstein notion of time and its physical meaning. We will then be in a position to introduce the relativistic quantum theory developed by Stueckelberg (1941) and Horwitz and Piron (1973). We describe in this chapter a simple and conceptual understanding of the Newton-Wigner problem (Newton 1949) presented above, a rigorous basis for the energy time uncertainty relation, as well as a simple explanation of the Landau-Peierls (Landau 1931) uncertainty relation between momentum and time. These applications provide a good basis for understanding the basic ideas of the relativistic quantum theory. Schieve and Trump (1999) have discussed at some length the associated manifestly covariant classical theory, but some basic aspects will be discussed here as well.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFundamental Theories of Physics
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages23
StatePublished - 2015

Publication series

NameFundamental Theories of Physics
ISSN (Print)0168-1222
ISSN (Electronic)2365-6425


  • Lorentz group
  • Mass shell
  • Poisson bracket
  • Wave function
  • Wave packet


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