Regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor gene expression by tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ

Michal Shalita-Chesner, Joseph Katz, Joshua Shemer, Haim Werner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-l-R) plays a critical role in normal and pathological growth processes. The expression of the IGF-l-R gene is regulated by various stimuli, including hormones and growth factors. We have investigated the molecular mechanisms by which two inhibitory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), regulate IGF-l-R gene expression. TNF-α and IFN-γ reduced the proliferation rates of the osteogenic sarcoma cell line, Saos-2, and the human salivary gland cell line, HSG, in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. This effect was associated with significant reductions in the levels of IGF-l-R mRNA and protein, and with inhibition of IGF-l-R promoter activity, suggesting that TNF-α and IFN-γ affect IGF-l-R gene expression at the transcriptional level. In addition, TNF-α significantly decreased IGF-l-R mRNA stability. Combined cytokine treatment inhibited cellular proliferation and promoter activity in an additive manner. Taken together, these results suggest that a novel potential mechanism by which TNF-α and IFN-γ affect cellular proliferation involves suppression of IGF-l-R promoter activity, as well as destabilization of IGF-l-R transcripts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume176
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 May 2001

Keywords

  • IGF-l receptor
  • Interferon-γ
  • Transcription
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

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