Refractive outcomes of high-magnitude astigmatism correction using femtosecond LASIK versus transepithelial PRK

Olga Reitblat*, Assaf Gershoni, Michael Mimouni, Igor Vainer, Eitan Livny, Yoav Nahum, Fani Segev, Irit Bahar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of femtosecond laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) with transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (T-PRK) for the correction of high-grade astigmatism. Methods: Medical records of patients with astigmatism of 2 diopters (D) or higher, who were treated with FS-LASIK or T-PRK in 2013 through 2014 at a private practice laser clinic, were retrospectively analyzed. Efficacy, safety, predictability and vector analysis of astigmatism correction were compared between the treatment groups. Results: The study included 93 eyes treated with FS-LASIK and 186 eyes treated with T-PRK. No significant differences in postoperative spherical equivalent (−0.10 ± 0.7 D and −0.11 ± 0.7 D, respectively, p = 0.958) and postoperative refractive astigmatism (0.79 ± 0.54 D and 0.82 ± 0.63 D, respectively, p = 0.685) were demonstrated. A significant advantage of FS-LASIK over T-PRK was seen for the efficacy (1.00 ± 0.18 and 0.86 ± 0.22, respectively, p < 0.001) and safety (1.03 ± 0.17 and 0.89 ± 0.21, respectively, p < 0.001) indices. Results remain statistically significant in a multivariate analysis model. Vector analysis for the astigmatism correction showed no significant difference between the surgery methods in the surgically induced astigmatism, difference vector, correction index and index of success. Conclusion: Both procedures demonstrated desirable post-operative SE outcomes for high-grade astigmatism correction. However, FS-LASIK achieved better results than T-PRK in the efficacy and safety parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2923-2931
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Refractive surgery
  • astigmatism
  • femtosecond laser assisted in situ keratomileusis
  • high-grade astigmatism
  • transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy

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