Reference values of fetal peak systolic blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery at 19-40 weeks of gestation

A. Herman, A. Abargel, R. Maymon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The objectives of this prospective study were (i) to establish new reference values of peak systolic blood flow velocity measurement in the fetal middle cerebral artery (MCA-PSV) following validated methodological guidelines and (ii) to develop a method to calculate Z-scores of MCA-PSV. Patients and Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 331 pregnant women between 19 and 40 weeks' gestation. Reference ranges for MCA-PSV were constructed and for each measurement linear regression models were fitted separately to the mean and standard deviations (SD) as a function of gestational age. An application to calculate Z-scores was developed. A comparison was made between the reference ranges produced in our study and those of a previous one. Results: A new chart, table of centiles and regression equations of MCA-PSV are presented. Comparison o four reference ranges with ones produced in a previous study showed similar 5th centile values. However, the values for the 50th and 95th centiles between 19 and 28 gestational weeks were lower in our study. Conclusions: We have constructed reference ranges for MCAPSV which, because they are derived from a larger number of examinations in the 15-20-week period and because the methodological flaws of the previously published study have been eliminated, we consider to be more accurate and therefore more useful for clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-53
Number of pages4
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001


  • Doppler
  • Fetal anemia
  • Middle cerebral artery
  • Peak systolic velocity
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference values


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