Background: Filamin C is a cytoskeletal protein expressed in cardiac cells. Nonsense variations in the filamin C gene (FLNC) were associated with dilated and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies. Methods and results: We identified an intronic variation in FLNC gene (c.3791-1G > C) in three unrelated Ashkenazi Jewish families with variable expression of arrhythmia and cardiomyopathy. cDNA was prepared from a mutation carrier's cultured skin fibroblasts. Quantitative PCR demonstrated a reduction in total FLNC transcript, and no other FLNC splice variants were found. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis revealed heterozygous variations in the genomic DNA that were not expressed in the messenger RNA. Immunohistochemical analysis of cardiac sections detected a normal distribution of filamin C protein in the heart ventricles. Conclusion: The transcript that included the FLNC variant was degraded. Haploinsufficiency in filamin C underlies arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy with variable symptoms.
- Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
- Filamin C
- Gene expression and regulation