Reduced suprathreshold odor identification in patients with pseudotumor cerebri: A non-randomized prospective study

Gad Dotan, Eyal Cohen, Ainat Klein, Anat Kesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent evidence suggests that olfaction is impaired in patients with pseudotumor cerebri (PTC). Objectives: To measure suprathreshold olfactory function by using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), assessing its usefulness for routine clinical use. Methods: Forty PTC patients underwent USPIT olfactory testing. Results: Twenty-nine out of 40 (73%) PTC patients (36 women, 4 men; mean age 34 years) had reduced suprathreshold smell sensation according to UPSIT scores: 19 (47%) had mild microsmia, 9 (23%) had moderate microsmia, and one (3%) was classified as having severe microsmia. The mean UPSIT score of all patients was 32.4 (95% confidence interval 31.4–33.4). Multivariate regression analysis found that UPSIT scores were not related to disease activity, disease duration, initial intracranial pressure (ICP), or visual function. Conclusions: Many PTC patients have reduced suprathreshold olfactory dysfunction that can be discovered by UPSIT, a rapidly administered smell test, which is suitable for clinical office use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-37
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Hyposmia
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)
  • Olfaction dysfunction
  • Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC)
  • Smelling dysfunction

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