Redox-switchable carboranes for uranium capture and release

Megan Keener, Camden Hunt, Timothy G. Carroll, Vladimir Kampel, Roman Dobrovetsky, Trevor W. Hayton, Gabriel Ménard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The uranyl ion (UO2 2+; U(vi) oxidation state) is the most common form of uranium found in terrestrial and aquatic environments and is a central component in nuclear fuel processing and waste remediation efforts. Uranyl capture from either seawater or nuclear waste has been well studied and typically relies on extremely strong chelating/binding affinities to UO2 2+ using chelating polymers1,2, porous inorganic3–5 or carbon-based6,7 materials, as well as homogeneous8 compounds. By contrast, the controlled release of uranyl after capture is less established and can be difficult, expensive or destructive to the initial material2,9. Here we show how harnessing the redox-switchable chelating and donating properties of an ortho-substituted closo-carborane (1,2-(Ph2PO)2-1,2-C2B10H10) cluster molecule can lead to the controlled chemical or electrochemical capture and release of UO2 2+ in monophasic (organic) or biphasic (organic/aqueous) model solvent systems. This is achieved by taking advantage of the increase in the ligand bite angle when the closo-carborane is reduced to the nido-carborane, resulting in C–C bond rupture and cage opening. The use of electrochemical methods for uranyl capture and release may complement existing sorbent and processing systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-655
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume577
Issue number7792
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jan 2020

Funding

FundersFunder number
U.S. Department of Energy
Basic Energy SciencesDE-SC-0001861
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund58693-DNI3
University of California, Santa Barbara
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2016241
Tel Aviv University

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Redox-switchable carboranes for uranium capture and release'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this