Recycled Paper Sludge (RPS)-Derived Nanocellulose: Production, Detection and Water Treatment Application

Alona Maslennikov, Roi Peretz, Vinod Kumar Vadivel, Hadas Mamane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Paper production and recycling result in large amounts of recycled paper sludge (RPS) that is currently being disposed of in very costly and unsustainable practices, raising the importance of developing green solutions for waste management. The use of nanocellulose (NC) as the next generation of materials has gained much attention due to its economic potential. However, there are substantial challenges in NC extraction, detection, and quantification methods. In this study, NC was produced from RPS as a means of converting waste into a resource. The process included a short, 30 min ozonation (21 mg O3 /g RPS), which allowed a sufficient delignification and facilitated the following hydrolysis step. Among all tested durations, a 4-h hydrolysis with 64% w/w sulfuric acid resulted in the highest NC production. Fluorescent staining by calcofluor white was used for simple and low-cost detection of NC in-situ. Crude NC showed a significant 63% dye uptake of 0.1 ppm acid red 131 within 30 min. Compared to the standard disposal methods of RPS, its utilization for NC production supports the circular economy concept and significantly contributes to the development of cellulose bio-based nanomaterials for water treatment applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3077
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • acid dye adsorption
  • biomass conversion
  • calcofluor white
  • nanocellulose
  • ozonation
  • recycled paper sludge

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