Recurrent tube insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion in children over 6 years

Cinzia L. Marchica, Jacob Pitaro, Sam J. Daniel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the clinical characteristics of children above 6 years of age with chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) who have required pressure equalizing tube (PET) insertions. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all children above the age of 6 years, who underwent PET insertion due to chronic OME, between 2000 and 2009 at a tertiary care institution. Children were also divided into those with a single PET and those with ≥2 PET. Comparison of various characteristics between the two groups was undertaken. Results: 290 children were identified as having at least one PET insertion after the age of 6 years. 45.5% of the children underwent a single PET insertion while 54.5% underwent 2 procedures or more. No significant gender-based difference was observed. In those patients requiring ≥2 PET, 65.2% also underwent tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy compared to only 53.8% of children with a single PET intervention (p<0.05). Asthma, trisomy 21 and cleft palate, were more common in those children who had undergone ≥2 PET (p<0.001, p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). Conclusions: Children above 6 years of age who have undergone ≥2 PET insertions for COME demonstrated an increased rate of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Trisomy 21, cleft palate and particularly, asthma, were also found to be risk factors for COME necessitating ≥2 PET insertions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-255
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic otitis media with effusion
  • Pediatric
  • Pressure equalizing tubes


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