Recurrence pattern of serum creatine phosphokinase levels in repeated acute psychosis

Iris Manor, Haggai Hermesh*, Avi Valevski, Yoav Benjamin, Hanan Munitz, Abraham Weizman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK)(MM) level is frequently found in acute psychosis. Theories relate this CPKemia to psychomotor agitation and medication. We hypothesized that psychosis-related CPKemia observed in individual patients is relatively consistent. Methods: Ninety psychotic patients were studied; 83% were schizophrenics (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores ≤ 40) whose serum CPK(MM) levels were recorded during two or more different acute psychoses. The serum CPK(MM) levels used were the maximal levels monitored during the beginning of each hospitalization. The last CPK measurement in a circumscribed period was defined as the index serum CPK level (IndCPK). The mean of all other individual maximal CPK measurements during other psychotic episodes was defined as the average CPK(AvgCPK). Results: Multiple linear regression analysis showed a significant correlation of natural logarithm (Ln) of (IndCPK with Ln(AvgCPK), as well as with gender (coefficient = .65 and .63, p < .0001 and p < .01, respectively). There were significantly higher IndCPK levels among male patients than among female patients (p ≤ .001). A relatively consistent individual pattern of serum CPK MM levels during repeated acute psychotic episodes was observed. Conclusions: Serum CPK(MM) levels and gender were found to be good predictors of maximal serum CPK(MM) levels during every repeated acute psychotic episode. High IndCPK levels are probably risk factors for neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-292
Number of pages5
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Feb 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Creatine phosphokinase
  • Muscle
  • Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
  • Psychosis
  • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Schizophrenia


Dive into the research topics of 'Recurrence pattern of serum creatine phosphokinase levels in repeated acute psychosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this