Rectal Cancer following Local Excision of Rectal Adenomas with Low-Grade Dysplasia—A Multicenter Study

Yaron Rudnicki*, Nir Horesh, Assaf Harbi, Barak Lubianiker, Eraan Green, Guy Raveh, Moran Slavin, Lior Segev, Haim Gilshtein, Muhammad Khalifa, Alexander Barenboim, Nir Wasserberg, Marat Khaikin, Hagit Tulchinsky, Nidal Issa, Daniel Duek, Shmuel Avital, Ian White

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Rectal polyps with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) can be removed by local excision surgery (LE). It is unclear whether these lesions pose a higher risk for recurrence and cancer development and might warrant an early repeat rectal endoscopy. This study aims to assess the rectal cancer rate following local excision of LGD rectal lesions. Methods: A retrospective multicenter study including all patients that underwent LE for rectal polyps over a period of 11 years was conducted. Demographic, clinical, and surgical data of patients with LGD werecollected and analyzed. Results: Out of 274 patients that underwent LE of rectal lesions, 81 (30%) had a pathology of LGD. The mean patient age was 65 ± 11 years, and 52 (64%) were male. The mean distance from the anal verge was 7.2 ± 4.3 cm, and the average lesion was 3.2 ± 1.8 cm. Full thickness resection was achieved in 68 patients (84%), and four (5%) had involved margins for LGD. Nine patients (11%) had local recurrence and developed rectal cancer in an average time interval of 19.3 ± 14.5 months, with seven of them (78%) diagnosed less than two years after the initial LE. Seven of the nine patients were treated with another local excision, whilst one had a low anterior resection, and one was treated with radiation. The mean follow-up time was 25.3 ± 22.4 months. Conclusions: Locally resected rectal polyps with LGD may carry a significant risk of recurring and developing cancer within two years. This data suggests patients should have a closer surveillance protocol in place.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1032
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • local excision
  • low-grade dysplasia
  • rectal cancer
  • rectal polyps
  • recurrence

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