Recombinant FXIII (rFXIII-A 2) Prophylaxis Prevents Bleeding and Allows for Surgery in Patients with Congenital FXIII A-Subunit Deficiency

Manuel Carcao*, Carmen Altisent, Giancarlo Castaman, Katsuyuki Fukutake, Bryce A. Kerlin, Craig Kessler, Riitta Lassila, Diane Nugent, Johannes Oldenburg, May Lill Garly, Anders Rosholm, Aida Inbal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recombinant factor XIII-A 2 (rFXIII-A 2) was developed for prophylaxis and treatment of bleeds in patients with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. mentor™2 (NCT00978380), a multinational, open-label, single-arm, multiple-dosing extension to the pivotal mentor™1 trial, assessed long-term safety and efficacy of rFXIII-A 2 prophylaxis in eligible patients (patients with severe [<0.05 IU/mL] congenital FXIII subunit A deficiency) aged ≥6 years. Patients received 35 IU/kg rFXIII-A 2 (exact dosing) every 28 ± 2 days for ≥52 weeks. Primary endpoint was safety (adverse events including immunogenicity); secondary endpoints were rate of bleeds requiring FXIII treatment, haemostatic response after one 35 IU/kg rFXIII-A 2 dose for breakthrough bleeds and withdrawals due to lack of rFXIII-A 2 efficacy. Steady-state pharmacokinetic variables were also summarized. Elective surgery was permitted during the treatment period. Sixty patients were exposed to rFXIII-A 2; their median age was 26.0 years (range: 7.0-77.0). rFXIII-A 2 was well tolerated without any safety concerns. No non-neutralizing or neutralizing antibodies (inhibitors) against FXIII were detected. Mean annualized bleeding rate (ABR) was 0.043/patient-year. Mean spontaneous ABR was 0.011/patient-year. No patients withdrew due to lack of efficacy. Geometric mean FXIII trough level was 0.17 IU/mL. Geometric terminal half-life was 13.7 days. rFXIII-A 2 prophylaxis provided sufficient haemostatic coverage for 12 minor surgeries without the need for additional FXIII therapy; eight procedures were performed within 7 days of the patient's last scheduled rFXIII-A 2 dose, and four were performed 10 to 21 days after the last dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-460
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume118
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Novo Nordisk

    Keywords

    • congenital FXIII deficiency
    • prophylaxis
    • recombinant FXIII-A
    • safety
    • surgery

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