Recent molecular insights from mutated IKS channels in cardiac arrhythmia

Meidan Dvir, Asher Peretz, Yoni Haitin, Bernard Attali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Co-assembly of KCNQ1 with KCNE1 generates the IKS potassium current that is vital for the proper repolarization of the cardiac action potential. Mutations in either KCNQ1 or KCNE1 genes lead to life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias causing long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, sinus bradycardia and atrial fibrillation. Findings emerging from recent studies are beginning to provide a picture of how gain-of-function and loss-of-function mutations are associated with pleiotropic cardiac phenotypes in the clinics. In this review, we discuss recent molecular insights obtained from mutations altering different structural modules of the channel complex that are essential for proper IKS function. We present the possible molecular mechanisms underlying mutations impairing the voltage sensing functions, as well as those altering the channel regulation by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate, calmodulin and protein kinase A. We also discuss the significance of diseased IKS channels for adequate pharmacological targeting of cardiac arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2014

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