Receiver aperture and multipath effects on power loss and modal crosstalk in a THz wireless link using orbital-angular-momentum multiplexing

Xinzhou Su*, Runzhou Zhang, Zhe Zhao, Hao Song, Amir Minoofar, Nanzhe Hu, Huibin Zhou, Kaiheng Zou, Kai Pang, Haoqian Song, Brittany Lynn, Shlomo Zach, Moshe Tur, Andreas F. Molisch, Hirofumi Sasaki, Doohwan Lee, Alan E. Willner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The channel capacity of terahertz (THz) wireless communications can be increased by multiplexing multiple orthogonal data-carrying orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) beams. In THz links using OAM multiplexing (e.g., Laguerre-Gaussian LG ,p beams with p = 0), the system performance might degrade due to limited receiver aperture size and multipath effects. A limited-size aperture can truncate the received beam profile along the radial direction. In addition, due to beam divergence, part of the beam might interact with reflectors in the environment, causing the signal to reflect and interfere at the receiver with the directly propagating part of the beam; this is known as the multipath effect. In this paper, we simulate and analyze the impact of both effects on the equality of the THz OAM link by considering a full two-dimensional (2-D) LG modal set. The simulation results show (i) a limited-size receiver aperture can induce power loss and modal power coupling mainly to LG modes with the same ℓ but p > 0 for directly propagated OAM beams; (ii) the multipath effect can induce modal power coupling across multiple 2-D LG modes, which leads to inter-channel coupling among the different channels in an OAM multiplexed link; (iii) the interference between the reflected and direct beams can induce intra-channel coupling between the received signals from the reflected and direct beams; and (iv) beams with a higher OAM order (e.g., from ± 1 to ± 5) or a lower carrier frequency (e.g., from 0.1 to 1 THz) experience larger intra- and inter-channel coupling. The intra- and inter-channel coupling in an OAM-multiplexed THz link can degrade the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and induce SNR penalty when compared to a single-channel system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14053
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


FundersFunder number
Airbus Institute for Engineering Research
Basic Research Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
Qualcomm Innovation
Office of Naval ResearchN00014-16-1-2813
Office of Naval Research
Astrophysics Science Division
Defense Security Cooperation AgencyDSCA 4440646262
Defense Security Cooperation Agency


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