Real-world hepatitis B antiviral treatment trends and adherence to practice guidelines: a large cohort study

Yana Davidov*, Fadi Abu Baker, Ariel Israel, Ziv Ben Ari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Epidemiologic data regarding chronic hepatitis B virus infections in Israel is limited as extensive population-based studies have not been performed. Objective: This work aimed to evaluate the current characteristics of hepatitis B infection among Israeli adults and evaluate adherence to the European Association for the Study of the Liver practice guidelines for antiviral treatment. Methods: Clinical and demographic data of HBsAg-positive patients registered in the Leumit-Health-Service database (one of the four major health maintenance organizations in Israel) between 2000 and 2019 were retrieved. Patients were compared according to eligibility to antiviral treatment and type of nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment. Results: In total, 1216 patients had documented HBsAg positivity (males 58.6%, mean age 40.2 ± 14.2 years), 90.6% of whom were HBeAg negative. Antiviral therapy eligibility was met by 37% of patients, among whom 89% received antiviral therapy. Antiviral therapies include NA with a high barrier to resistance (HBR) (64.5%) and NA with a low barrier to resistance (LBR) (35.5%). Compared to patients who received LBR NA, patients receiving HBR NA had shorter treatment (68.7 ± 50 vs. 161.5 ± 42.6 months, p < .001) and follow-up duration (125 ± 68 vs. 188 ± 48 months, p < .001); at the end of follow-up, ALT levels and APRI score were higher among patients on LBR NA compared to patients on HBR NA. Conclusion: Most patients received antiviral treatment according to the international practice guidelines. However, one-third of them were treated with a less potent NA, probably due to their lower cost. These findings should encourage the optimization of HBV care and full compliance with the professional practice guideline recommendations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalActa Clinica Belgica
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023


  • Antiviral therapy
  • adherence to guidelines
  • chronic hepatitis B
  • eligibility for antiviral treatment
  • high barrier to resistance


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