Real-world experience with capmatinib in MET exon 14-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (RECAP): a retrospective analysis from an early access program

Oliver Illini, Hannah Fabikan, Aurélie Swalduz, Anders Vikström, Dagmar Krenbek, Michael Schumacher, Elizabeth Dudnik, Michael Studnicka, Ronny Öhman, Robert Wurm, Luciano Wannesson, Nir Peled, Waleed Kian, Jair Bar, Sameh Daher, Alfredo Addeo, Ofer Rotem, Georg Pall, Alona Zer, Akram SaadTanja Cufer, Hadas Gantz Sorotsky, Sayed M.S. Hashemi, Katja Mohorcic, Ronen Stoff, Yulia Rovitsky, Shoshana Keren-Rosenberg, Thomas Winder, Christoph Weinlinger, Arschang Valipour, Maximilian J. Hochmair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) presenting with mesenchymal–epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping mutation have an unfavorable prognosis with standard treatments. Capmatinib is a selective MET inhibitor, which showed promising efficacy in this patient population in early trials. Methods: We performed a retrospective, international, multicenter efficacy and safety analysis in patients with NSCLC treated with capmatinib in an early access program between March 2019 and December 2021. Results: Data from 81 patients with advanced MET exon 14 mutated NSCLC treated with capmatinib in first- or later-line therapy were analyzed. Median age was 77 years (range, 48–91), 56% were women, 86% had stage IV disease, and 27% had brain metastases. For all patients, the objective response rate (ORR) to capmatinib was 58% (95% CI, 47–69), whereas it was 68% (95% CI, 50–82) in treatment-naïve and 50% (95% CI, 35–65) in pretreated patients. The median progression-free survival was 9.5 months (95% CI, 4.7–14.3), whereas it was 10.6 months (95% CI, 5.5–15.7) in first-line and 9.1 months (95% CI, 3.1–15.1) in pretreated patients. After a median follow-up of 11.0 months, the median overall survival was 18.2 months (95% CI, 13.2–23.1). In patients with measurable brain metastases (n = 11), the intracranial ORR was 46% (95% CI, 17–77). Capmatinib showed a manageable safety profile. Grade ⩾ 3 treatment-related adverse events included peripheral edema (13%), elevated creatinine (4%), and elevated liver enzymes (3%). Conclusion: In patients with MET exon 14 skipping mutation, capmatinib showed durable systemic and intracranial efficacy and a manageable safety profile. This analysis confirms previously reported phase II data in a real-world setting.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • capmatinib
  • lung cancer
  • MET exon 14 skipping mutation
  • NSCLC
  • targeted therapy

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