Real world analysis of small cell lung cancer patients: Prognostic factors and treatment outcomes

Sarah Sharman Moser*, Jair Bar, Inna Kan, Keren Ofek, Raanan Cohen, Nikhil Khandelwal, Varda Shalev, Gabriel Chodick, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this observational study, we assessed treatment patterns and prognostic factors in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in a large state-mandated healthcare organization in Israel. Methods: All incident cases with histologically confirmed SCLC who initiated systemic anti-cancer treatment between 2011 and 2017 were identified. Treatment patterns and overall survival (OS) were evaluated for each line of therapy. Results: A total of 235 patients were identified (61% male, median age 64 years, 95% ever smokers, 64% had extensive stage). The first-line treatment was platinum–etoposide regimen for 98.7% of the cohort. The second and third-line regimen were given to 43% and 12% of patients, respectively. Mean OS for extensive and limited stage patients was 9.1 and 23.5 months respectively. In a multivariable model, increased risk for mortality was observed among patients with an ECOG performance status (PS) of 2 compared to a PS of 0–1 for the extensive stage patients (Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.63, 95% confidence ratios (CI): 1.00–2.65); and for males compared to females for the limited stage patients (HR = 2.17; 95% CI: 1.12–4.20). Regarding all 2nd line patients in a multivariable model incorporating relevant confounding factors, demonstrated a significantly better outcome with platinum–based regimens compared to topotecan. Median survival after initiation of 2nd line in platinum-sensitive patients was longer (p = 0.056) for those re-challenged with platinum–based regimen (n = 7): 6.8mo (6.1-not reported (NR)), compared with those switched to a different treatment (n = 27): 4.5 mo (2.6–6.6) for extensive stage patients, and a non-significant difference was also observed for limited stage patients. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is one of the largest real-world studies of SCLC patients. OS for SCLC patients was similar to that reported in clinical trials. PS for extensive stage patients and sex for limited stage patients were significant correlates of prognosis. Re-challenge of the platinum–based doublet was associated with longer OS compared to switching treatment in extensive stage patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-331
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Oncology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
Maccabi Healthcare Services
Raanan Cohen are employees of AbbVie
AbbVie

    Keywords

    • Limited stage
    • Observational study
    • Platinum sensitive
    • SCLC
    • Survival

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