Real-time steering of curved sound beams in a feedback-based topological acoustic metamaterial

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Abstract

We present the concept of a feedback-based topological acoustic metamaterial as a tool for realizing autonomous and active guiding of sound beams along arbitrary curved paths in free two-dimensional space. The metamaterial building blocks are acoustic transducers, embedded in a slab waveguide. The transducers generate a desired dispersion profile in closed-loop by processing real-time pressure field measurements through preprogrammed controllers. In particular, the metamaterial can be programmed to exhibit analogies of quantum topological wave phenomena, which enables unconventional and exceptionally robust sound beam guiding. As an example, we realize the quantum valley Hall effect by creating, using a collocated pressure feedback, an alternating acoustic impedance pattern across the waveguide. The pattern is traversed by artificial trajectories of different shapes, which are reconfigurable in real-time. Due to topological protection, the sound waves between the plates remain localized on the trajectories, and do not back-scatter by the sharp corners or imperfections in the design. The feedback-based design can be used to realize arbitrary physical interactions in the metamaterial, including non-local, nonlinear, time-dependent, or non-reciprocal couplings, paving the way to unconventional acoustic wave guiding on the same reprogrammable platform. We then present a non-collocated control algorithm, which mimics another quantum effect, rendering the sound beams uni-directional.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107479
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2021

Keywords

  • Acoustic metamaterials
  • Active control of sound waves
  • Quantum valley Hall effect
  • Reprogrammable metamaterials
  • Topological wave phenomena
  • Two-dimensional waveguides

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