Real-time reactive power distribution in microgrids by dynamic programing

Yoash Levron, Yuval Beck*, Liran Katzir, Josep M. Guerrero

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, a new real-time optimisation method for reactive power distribution in microgrids is proposed. The method enables location of a globally optimal distribution of reactive power under normal operating conditions. The method exploits the typical compact structure of microgrids to obtain a solution by parts, using the dynamic programming method and Bellman equation. The proposed solution method is based on the fact that the microgrid is designed with a central feeder line to which clusters of generators and loads are connected, and is suitable for microgrids with ring topologies as well as radial ones. The optimisation problem is formulated with the cluster reactive powers as free variables, and the solution space is spanned by the cluster reactive power outputs. The optimal solution is then constructed by efficiently scanning the entire solution space, by testing every possible combination of reactive powers, using dynamic programming. Since every single step involves a one-dimensional problem, the complexity of the solution is only linear with the number of clusters, and as a result, a globally optimal solution may be obtained in real time. The study includes the results of two test-case networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-539
Number of pages10
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Issue number2
StatePublished - 26 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


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