Real-time quantitative automatic assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction and regional wall motion by speckle imaging

Marina Leitman*, Peter Lysyansky, Josef Gurevich, Zvi Friedman, Edgar Sucher, Simcha Rosenblatt, Edo Kaluski, Ricardo Krakover, Therese Fuchs, Zvi Vered

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular function includes calculation of ejection fraction and regional wall motion analysis. Recently, speckle imaging was introduced for quantification of left ventricular function. Objectives: To assess LVEF by speckle imaging and compare it with Simpson's method, and to assess the regional LV strain obtained by speckle imaging in relation to conventional echocardiographic scores. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients, 28 with regional LV dysfunction, underwent standard echocardiographic evaluation. LV end-diastolic volume, LV end-systolic volume and EF were calculated independently by speckle imaging and Simpson's rule. The regional peak systolic strain presented by speckle imaging as a bull's-eye map was compared with the conventional visual estimate of echo score. Results: Average EDV obtained by speckle imaging and by Simpson's method was 85.1 vs. 92.7 ml (P = 0.38), average ESV was 49.4 vs. 48.8 ml (P = 0.94), calculated EF was 43.9 vs. 50.5% (P = 0.08). The correlation rate with Simpson's rule was high: 0.92 for EDV, 0.96 for ESV, and 0.89 for EF. The peak systolic strain in two patients without wall motion abnormality was 17.3 ± 4.7; in normal segments of patients with regional dysfunction, peak systolic strain (13.4 ± 4.9) was significantly higher than in hypokinetic segments (10.5 ± 4.5) (P < 0.000001). The strain in hypokinetic segments was significantly higher than in akinetic segments (6.2 ± 3.6) (P < 0.000001). Conclusions: Speckle imaging can be successfully used for the assessment of LV volumes and EF. Bull's-eye strain map, created by speckle imaging, can achieve an accurate real-time segmental wall motion analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-285
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Left ventricular function
  • Speckler imaging

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