Real-time 3D imaging in the cardiac catheterization laboratory

Danny Dvir, Ran Kornowski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Worldwide experience in coronary catheterization and angiography for the detection and evaluation of lumen narrowing is extensive. Conventional coronary angiography analysis is complex since these arteries are of relatively small caliber and in constant movement, while being synchronized with the movement of the heart chambers and respiratory system. Moreover, atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary tree are themselves very intricate and frequently positioned in eccentric locations. The last decade has witnessed significant advances as novel data acquisition and processing techniques have been introduced. Researchers have developed novel processing systems that make it possible to construct 3D images in real-time during coronary intervention. The most common solutions are rotational imaging and reconstruction from multiple single-plane images. These techniques produce real-time 3D images of the coronary arteries in the catheterization laboratory. This article describes these state-of-the-art imaging methods and other specific novel applications in clinical practice, such as stent enhancement, guidance during transcatheter aortic valve implantation and advanced geometrical analysis with computational fluid dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-471
Number of pages9
JournalFuture Cardiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • coronary angiography
  • rotational angiography
  • stent enhancement
  • three dimensions


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