Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon war

Zahava Solomon*, Rami Shklar, Yaffa Singer, Mario Mikulincer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


During the war or shortly thereafter, the most common manifestation of combat induced psychopathology is combat stress reaction (CSR). The long-term consequences of CSR have so far received little scientific attention. The aim of this study was to examine whether CSR is a marker for long-term PTSD and other psychiatric comorbidities. Two groups of veterans from the 1982 Lebanon war were assessed 20 years after the war: one comprised 286 CSR casualties and the other comprised 218 matched non-CSR soldiers. Participants were assessed for PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology, social functioning, physical health, and postwar life events. Twenty years after the war, veterans with antecedent CSR reported more PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology and distress, social dysfunction, and health problems than did non-CSR veterans. We conclude that CSR should be seen as a marker for long-term psychiatric distress and impairment. In addition, the implications of combat-related trauma are broad and varied, and go beyond the narrow scope of PTSD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-939
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006


  • Combat stress reaction
  • Military psychiatry
  • PTSD


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