Re-evaluation of post-wash sperm is a helpful tool in the decision to perform in vitro fertilisation or intracytoplasmic sperm injection

A. Wiser, Y. Ghetler, O. Gonen, E. Piura, A. Berkovits, A. Itskovich, T. Rom, A. Shulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to find discriminatory parameters, based on sperm characteristics on the day of ovum pickup, that can help guide the decision to perform either intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF). We evaluated 112 cycles fertilised with both regular and ICSI insemination during the same cycle. A total of 112 cycles were analysed. In 62 cycles, fertilisation was obtained with both ICSI and IVF, and in 50 cycles, fertilisation was obtained by ICSI alone. The sperm samples were re-evaluated after the preparation process. The mean initial total motile sperm count (TMSC) was 66.3×106±47.5 in the group that underwent both methods and 23.1×106±20.4 in the ICSI only group (P<0.05). After sperm preparation, the mean post-wash TMSC was 4.4×106±3.4 and 1.06×106±0.9 respectively (P<0.05). A cutoff of 1.5×106 or fewer sperm after preparation as an indicator for ICSI has a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 77%. Re-evaluation of TMSC can prevent unexpected fertilisation failure. Fewer than 1.5 million TMSC after wash should be considered an indication for ICSI fertilisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalAndrologia
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fertilisation rate
  • ICSI
  • Post-gradient sperm
  • Post-wash sperm
  • Total motile sperm count

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