The method of competition kinetics, which measures the binding kinetics of an unlabeled ligand through its effect on the binding kinetics of a labeled ligand, was employed to investigate the kinetics of muscarinic agonist binding to rat brain medulla pons homogenates. The agonists studied were acetylcholine, carbamylcholine, and oxotremorine, with N-methyl-4-[3H] piperidyl benzilate employed as the radiolabeled ligand. Our results suggested that the binding of muscarinic agonists to the high affinity sites is characterized by dissociation rate constants higher by 2 orders of magnitude than those of antagonists, with rather similar association rate constants. In contrast, the major differences between the kinetic binding parameters of agonists and antagonists to the low affinity agonist binding sites are in the association rate constants, which were 2-5 orders of magnitude lower for agonists. This demonstrates that there are basic differences in the interactions of agonists with the low and high affinity sites. Our findings also suggest that isomerization of the muscarinic receptors following ligand binding is significant in the case of antagonists, but not of agonists. Moreover, it is demonstrated that in the medulla pons preparation, agonist-induced interconversion between high and low affinity bindings sites does not occur to an appreciable extent.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1985|