Rate and nature of false positives in the CoRoT exoplanet search

J. M. Almenara, H. J. Deeg, S. Aigrain, R. Alonso, M. Auvergne, A. Baglin, M. Barbieri, P. Barge, P. Bordé, F. Bouchy, H. Bruntt, J. Cabrera, L. Carone, S. Carpano, C. Catala, Sz Csizmadia, R. De La Reza, M. Deleuil, R. Dvorak, A. EriksonM. Fridlund, D. Gandolfi, M. Gillon, P. Gondoin, E. Guenther, T. Guillot, A. Hatzes, G. Hébrard, L. Jorda, H. Lammer, A. Léger, A. Llebaria, B. Loeillet, P. Magain, M. Mayor, T. Mazeh, C. Moutou, M. Ollivier, M. Pätzold, F. Pont, D. Queloz, H. Rauer, C. Régulo, S. Renner, D. Rouan, B. Samuel, J. Schneider, A. Shporer, G. Wuchterl, S. Zucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context. The CoRoT satellite searches for planets by applying the transit method, monitoring up to 12 000 stars in the galactic plane for 150 days in each observing run. This search is contaminated by a large fraction of false positives, caused by different eclipsing binary configurations that might be confused with a transiting planet. Aims. We evaluate the rates and nature of false positives in the CoRoT exoplanets search and compare our results with semiempirical predictions. Methods. We consider the detected binary and planet candidates in the first three extended CoRoT runs, and classify the results of the follow-up observations completed to verify their planetary nature. We group the follow-up results into undiluted binaries, diluted binaries, and planets and compare their abundances with predictions from the literature. Results. 83% of the initial detections are classified as false positives using only the CoRoT light-curves, the remaining 17% require follow-up observations. Finally, 12% of the candidates in the follow-up program are planets. The shape of the overall distribution of the false positive rate follows previous predictions, except for candidates with transit depths below about 0.4%. For candidates with transit depths in the range from 0.1-0.4%, CoRoT detections are nearly complete, and this difference from predictions is probably real and dominated by a lower than expected abundance of diluted eclipsing binaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-341
Number of pages5
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume506
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Stars: binaries: eclipsing
  • Stars: planetary systems
  • Techniques: photometric

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