Ras chaperones: New targets for cancer and immunotherapy

Yoel Kloog, Galit Elad-Sfadia, Roni Haklai, Adam Mor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The Ras inhibitor S-. trans,. trans-farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS, Salirasib®) interferes with Ras membrane interactions that are crucial for Ras-dependent signaling and cellular transformation. FTS had been successfully evaluated in clinical trials of cancer patients. Interestingly, its effect is mediated by targeting Ras chaperones that serve as key coordinators for Ras proper folding and delivery, thus offering a novel target for cancer therapy. The development of new FTS analogs has revealed that the specific modifications to the FTS carboxyl group by esterification and amidation yielded compounds with improved growth inhibitory activity. When FTS was combined with additional therapeutic agents its activity toward Ras was significantly augmented. FTS should be tested not only in cancer but also for genetic diseases associated with abnormal Ras signaling, as well as for various inflammatory and autoimmune disturbances, where Ras plays a major role. We conclude that FTS has a great potential both as a safe anticancer drug and as a promising immune modulator agent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnzymes
PublisherAcademic Press
Pages267-289
Number of pages23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NameEnzymes
Volume33
ISSN (Print)1874-6047

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • FTS
  • FTS amides
  • FTS esters
  • Inflammation
  • Rare diseases
  • Ras

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