Ras antagonist inhibits growth and chemosensitizes human epithelial ovarian cancer cells

M. E. Beiner, H. Niv, R. Haklai, G. Elad-Sfadia, Y. Kloog, G. Ben-Baruch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this article was to determine whether human ovarian carcinoma cells (OVCAR-3) express significant amounts of Ras oncogene and active Ras-guanosine triphosphate (GTP) and, if so, whether the Ras inhibitor farnesyl thiosalicylic acid (FTS) inhibits their growth and chemosensitizes them to cisplatin. We assayed Ras and Ras-GTP in OVCAR-3 cells before and after FTS treatment. The effect of FTS on OVCAR-3 cell growth was assessed in terms of cell number. Because the OVCAR-3 cell line was derived from a patient who was refractory to cisplatin, we examined whether FTS enables cisplatin to induce death of these cells. Significant amounts of Ras and active Ras-GTP were expressed by OVCAR-3 cells and were reduced by 40% by FTS. FTS inhibited OVCAR-3 cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. When combined with cisplatin, FTS reduced the number of OVCAR-3 cells by 80%, demonstrating synergism between FTS and cisplatin. FTS, at a concentration range that allows downregulation of Ras and Ras-GTP in OVCAR-3 cells, also chemosensitizes these cells and inhibits their growth. These results suggest that ovarian carcinomas might respond well to Ras inhibition, both alone and when combined with cisplatin. The combined treatment would allow the use of smaller doses of chemotherapy, resulting in decreased cytotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-206
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume16
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • OVCAR-3
  • Ras

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