Rapid 8-Zone Lung Ultrasound Protocol is Comparable to a Full 12-Zone Protocol for Outcome Prediction in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients

Nimrod Levy Adatto, Yoav Preisler, Aviel Shetrit, Daniel Shepshelovich, Rami Hershkoviz, Ofer Isakov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Safety precautions limit the clinical assessment of hospitalized Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The minimal exposure required to perform lung ultrasound (LUS) paired with its high accuracy, reproducibility, and availability make it an attractive solution for initial assessment of COVID-19 patients. We aim to evaluate whether the association between sonographic findings and clinical outcomes among COVID 19 patients is comparable between the validated 12-zone protocol and a shorter, 8-zone protocol, in which the posterior lung regions are omitted. Methods: One hundred and one COVID-19 patients hospitalized in a dedicated COVID-19 ward in a tertiary referral hospital were examined upon admission and scored by 2 LUS protocols. The association between the scores and a composite outcome consisting of death, transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU) or initiation of invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation was estimated and compared. Results: LUS scores in both the 8- and the 12-zone protocols were associated with the composite outcome during hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR] 1.21 [1.03–1.42, P =.022] and HR 1.13 [1.01–1.27, P =.037], respectively). The observed difference in the discriminatory ROC-AUC values for the 8- and 12-zone scores was not significant (0.767 and 0.754 [P =.647], respectively). Conclusion: A short 8-zone LUS protocol is as accurate as the previously validated, 12-zone protocol for prognostication of clinical deterioration in nonventilated COVID-19 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1677-1687
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • lung ultrasound
  • lung ultrasound protocols
  • pneumonia

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