Randomized or probabilistic Hough transform: Unified performance evaluation

Nahum Kiryati, Heikki Kälviäinen, Satu Alaoutinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rapid computation of the Hough transform is necessary in very many computer vision applications. One of the major approaches for fast Hough transform computation is based on the use of a small random sample of the data set rather than the full set. Two different algorithms within this family are the randomized Hough transform (RHT) and the probabilistic Hough transform (PHT). There have been contradictory views on the relative merits and drawbacks of the RHT and the PHT. In this paper, a unified theoretical framework for analyzing the RHT and the PHT is established. The performance of the two algorithms is characterized both theoretically and experimentally. Clear guidelines for selecting the algorithm that is most suitable for a given application are provided. We show that, when considering the basic algorithms, the RHT is better suited for the analysis of high quality low noise edge images, while for the analysis of noisy low quality images the PHT should be selected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1164
Number of pages8
JournalPattern Recognition Letters
Issue number13-14
StatePublished - Dec 2000


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