Randomized Controlled Phase 2a Study of RPh201 in Previous Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Eitan Z. Rath, Zadik Hazan, Konstantin Adamsky, Arieh Solomon, Zvi I. Segal, Leonard A. Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: No proven treatment exists for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), either in the acute or late phase. Objective: To assess safety and changes in visual function and structure after RPh201/placebo treatment in participants with previous NAION. Design and Setting: Phase 2a, single-site, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked trial (registration NCT02045212). Main Outcomes Measures: Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), visual fields, retinal nerve fiber layer, and visual evoked potential at weeks 13, 26, and after a 13-week wash-out (“off-drug”) period; and safety. Study Population: Twenty-two participants aged 18 years or older with previous NAION. Intervention(s): RPh201 (20 mg) or placebo (cottonseed oil vehicle) administered subcutaneously twice weekly at the study site. Results: Thirteen men and 9 women were randomized, of which 20 completed all visits. The mean (±SD) age was 61.0 ± 7.6 years. In a post hoc analysis, after 26 weeks of treatment, BCVA improved by $15 letters in 4/11 (36.4%) eyes with RPh201, compared to 1/8 (12.5%) eyes with placebo (P = 0.24). Overall, 7/11 (63.6%) of participants on RPh201 showed some improvement in BCVA, compared with 3/8 (37.5%) on placebo (P = 0.26). Improvement in BCVA from a calculated baseline was 14.8 ± 15.8 letters for RPh201 and 6.6 ± 15.3 for placebo (P = 0.27). Of the 154 adverse effects (AEs), 52 were considered related to the study procedures/treatment. Across the study and 1,017 injections, the most frequently reported AE was injection site pain (23 events in 5 participants). There were no clinically significant changes in vital signs or laboratory values. Conclusions: This Phase 2a was designed to assess safety, feasibility, and explore potential efficacy signals in treating previous NAION with RPh201. No safety concerns were raised. The results support a larger trial in patients with previous NAION.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

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