## Abstract

We take a formal look at the relationship between the security of cryptographic schemes in the Random Oracle Model, and the security of the schemes which result from implementing the random oracle by so called `cryptographic hash functions'. The main result of this paper is a negative one: There exist signature and encryption schemes which are secure in the Random Oracle Model, but for which any implementation of the random oracle results in insecure schemes. In the process of devising the above schemes, we consider possible definitions for the notion of a `good implementation' of a random oracle, pointing out limitations and challenges.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 209-218 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Conference Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing |

State | Published - 1998 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | Proceedings of the 1998 30th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing - Dallas, TX, USA Duration: 23 May 1998 → 26 May 1998 |